Norges Bank's accounts for 2007
Norges Bank’s accounts for 2007 show a deficit of NOK 17.6 billion, as against a surplus of NOK 5.5 billion in 2006. The decline is primarily due to exchange losses on the foreign exchange reserves as a result of the appreciation of the krone. No capital will be transferred to the Treasury from the Transfer Fund.
Net international reserves are Norges Bank’s main assets, apart from the Government Pension Fund – Global, which does not affect the Bank’s results. Norges Bank’s liabilities consist of notes and coins in circulation and domestic deposits from the central government and banks. This balance sheet composition will normally generate a positive return over time. This is mainly because the Bank has substantial capital, as well as liabilities in the form of notes and coins in circulation. The Bank’s assets primarily consist of investments that generate a return. The assets are largely invested in foreign exchange, and the liabilities are in NOK, which implies a considerable foreign exchange risk and a substantial capital requirement.
The main items in Norges Bank’s profit and loss account are interest and any net exchange gains or losses on the foreign exchange reserves. Exchange gains or losses are derived from exchange rate fluctuations, changes in equity prices and interest rate changes that affect bond prices. As Norges Bank’s results will depend on developments in these variables, the results may show wide annual fluctuations.
Interest income and dividends from foreign investments amounted to NOK 15.5 billion in 2007, which is NOK 2.5 billion more than in 2006. The fall in prices in international securities markets in 2007 resulted in a loss of NOK 3.7 billion, compared with a gain of NOK 6.6 billion in 2006. Due to the appreciation of the Norwegian krone, foreign exchange reserves translated into NOK show exchange losses of NOK 27.0 billion in 2007, as against exchange losses of NOK 5.0 billion in 2006. Exchange losses due to the appreciation of the krone have no effect on the international purchasing power of the foreign exchange reserves.
At the end of 2007, Norges Bank’s international reserves amounted to NOK 245.3 billion at market value when account is taken of repurchase agreements and borrowing. This is NOK 9.3 billion less than at end-2006. The decline is primarily due to the appreciation of the krone.
After the year’s allocations, the Adjustment Fund amounts to NOK 55.5 billion. As there are no funds in the Transfer Fund, no transfer will be made to the Treasury.
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