Norges Bank

Working Paper

Why do firms pay for liquidity provision in limit order markets?

Author:
Johannes A. Skjeltorp and Bernt Arne Ødegaard
Series:
Working Paper
Number:
12/2010

Abstract

In recent years, a number of electronic limit order markets have reintroduced market makers for some securities (Designated Market Makers). This trend has mainly been initiated by financial intermediaries and listed firms themselves, without any regulatory pressure. In this paper we ask why firms are willing to pay to improve the secondary market liquidity of their shares. We show that a contributing factor in this decision is the likelihood that the firm will interact with the capital markets in the near future, either because they have capital needs, or that they are planning to repurchase shares. We also find some evidence of agency costs associated with the initiation of a market maker agreement as the probability of observing insider trades increases when liquidity improves.

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ISSN 1502-8190 (online)

Published 30 June 2010 16:19
Published 30 June 2010 16:19