Technology and the Two Margins of Labor Adjustment: A New Keynesian Perspective
Francesco Furlanetto, Tommy Sveen and Lutz Weinke
Series: Working Paper
Canova et al. (2010 and 2012) estimate the dynamic response of labor market variables to technological shocks. They show that investment-specific shocks imply almost exclusively an adjustment along the intensive margin (i.e., hours worked), whereas for neutral shocks the largest share of the adjustment takes place along the extensive margin (i.e., employment). In this paper we develop a New Keynesian model featuring capital accumulation, two margins of labor adjustment and a hiring cost. The model is used to analyze a novel economic mechanism to explain that evidence.