Norges Bank

Staff Memo

Climate risk and the Norwegian exchange rate

Q. Farooq Akram
Staff Memo


This study discusses whether climate risk, in the form of physical risk and transition risk, may cause an appreciation or depreciation of the Norwegian krone. Exchange rates reflect relative prices between money, goods, and services of different countries. Since countries vary greatly in their exposure to and capacity to manage different types of climate risk, assessing the exchange-rate impact of climate risk entails evaluating how much a country may lose or gain from climate risk compared to its trading partners. The study highlights several factors suggesting that the Norwegian krone may face lower climate risk over time compared to the currencies of trading partners. It also investigates empirically whether climate risk has a ected the krone exchange rate over the past decade. The results suggest that climate risk has not contributed to fluctuations in the krone exchange rate over the examined period.

Staff Memos present reports and documentation written by staff members and affiliates of Norges Bank, the central bank of Norway. Views and conclusions expressed in Staff Memos should not be taken to represent the views of Norges Bank.

ISSN 1504-2596 (online)

Published 3 July 2024 13:10
Published 3 July 2024 13:10